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Thomas E. Jeffrey Senior Editor

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Janette Pardo Richard Mizclle Peter Mikulas Indexers

Paul B. Israel Director and General Editor


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Copyright © 2007 by Rutgers, The State University

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The original documents in this edition are from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 978-0-88692-887-2


Director and General Editor Paul Israel

Senior Editor Thomas Jeffrey

Associate Editors Louis Carlat Theresa Collins

Assistant Editor David Hochfelder

Indexing Editor David Ranzan

Consulting Editor Linda Endersby

Visiting Editor Amy Flanders

Editorial Assistants Alexandra Rimer Kelly Enright Eric Barry

Outreach and Development (Edison Across the Curriculum)

Theresa Collins

Business Manager Rachel Wcisscnburgcr


Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey National Park Service

Richard L. McCormick Maryanne Gerbauckas

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This edition was made possible by grant funds provided from the New Jersey Historical Commission, National Historical Publications and Records Commission, and The National Endowment for the Humanities. Major underwriting has been provided by the Barkley Fund, through the National Trust for the Humanities, and by The Charles Edison Foundation.

Wc are grateful for the generous support of the IEEE Foundation, the Hyde & Watson Foundation, the Martinson Family Foundation, and the GE Foundation. We acknowledge gifts from many other individuals, as well as an anonymous donor; the Association of Edison Illuminating Companies; and the Edison Electric Institute. For the assistance of all these organizations and individuals, as well as for the indispensable aid of archivists, librarians, scholars, and collectors, the editors are most grateful.

A Note on the Sources The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.


Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.



Edison General File Series 1916. Motion Pictures (E-16-58)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to the technical and commercial development of motion pictures in the United States and other countries. Many of the documents for 1 91 6 pertain to Edison’s decision to retire from the motion picture business "on account of the drastic competition." Included are communications from Carl H. Wilson, vice president of Thomas A. Edison, Inc., about the possible sale of the business to Paramount Pictures and from Walter Stevens, manager of the TAE Inc. Export Division, about the decision to close the London office of Thomas A. Edison, Ltd., and about the sale of old films to the Russian Red Cross and other foreign customers. Also included is a memorandum by George F. Scull, former vice president of the Motion Picture Patents Co., written shortly after the U.S. District Court ruled against that company for the second time in an antitrust suit.

In addition, there are items relating to film footage of Edison at work and on a camping trip; to comments published in the Philadelphia Public Ledger by Edison and by noted painter J. Carroll Beckwith on the use of stills from high¬ speed film; and to a patent infringement issue involving Edison's super kinetoscope, an improved projector developed in 1915. There are also many unsolicited letters about improvements in motion picture technology. A few of the suggested improvements were assessed for Edison by experimenters Selden G. Warner and Adolph F. Gall, but most of the letters contain notations by Edison stating that he had no further interest in motion pictures due to previous failures and the demands of other business.

The correspondents include investor and longtime Edison friend Arthur I. Clymer ; motion picture pioneers Carl Laemmle (whom Edison refers to as a "d- d patent thief') and Samuel Goldwyn; and Harvard lecturer and future efficiency expert Johnson O'Connor. There are also interoffice communications by Charles Edison, who oversaw some aspects of the motion picture business.

Approximately 40 percent of the documents have been selected. The unselected items consist primarily of unsolicited suggestions regarding color film, sound recording, flickerless projection, and three-dimensional photography, which merely received a form-letter reply. Also not selected is routine business correspondence of the Motion Picture Division, which was handled by Leonard W. McChesney.


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I have invented a method film that ia designed " . J *


Jan, 4, 1916. a phonograph with a moving picture

x _ _ a method to synchronize! a pnoaoe* r, * ^nv,

that is designed to ho used with standard projectors and I would like to <aow

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being the inventor of both the essential elements, heme sne t0 be favored with an early reply. I re,nain.

^ ^ Youre Very Truly^

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VX W. Hbrd bt. ("iasonlc xemple Bldg), this is the only real office which it has, the address, 1476 Bway. (Long Acre Bldg) being the office of Adam Aessel, the becy, and Ohas. u. Baumann, a director, which latter address is also the office of the Keystone Film Co, and the N. i. Motion picture

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'.Triangle Film Corp. is a §5,000,000 Colo, corporation, par value of its shares, $5.00 each, Harry is. Aitken, pres; Adam Kessel, bee; W. If. Se'ligsburg, 2reas; u. W. Griffith, Ohas. o. Baumann and mack bennett, Add.


She promoter of triangle film Co. is Harry is. Aitken, who has been in the promotion picture business in Haoine, Wis, 'Denver, Colo, Kansas City, Mo, bt. Louis, Mo, and finally Hew York, where we are told he has "pulled off" various unfair, i if not worse; deals with people who have been associated with him. His last act of selfishness wus practically the wrecking of the Mutual Film Corp, of which he was pres't & General Mgr, and the story, as we get it, is that the Mutual was praotioally looted, to enable him to form the triangle Film Corp.

i'he triangle Film Corp. we regard chiefly as a stock jobbing propo¬ sition. Aitken has issued fine sounding letters to the public, directing at¬ tention to the stook, which is listed on the Curb, the quotation yesterday on the Curb was $6.00 a share, the par value of this stock being $5.00 per share, and the highest point it ever reached on tho Curb was $9.00 about three months ago for two days.

We believe that the idea of Aitken and other insiders is to quietly unload the stock at the hiehest possible price.

The Triangle Film Oorp. has engaged a large number of stars to appear in pictures, and we understand that tttas a couple of studiois in or near ban Francisco, but that the pictures/are produced at the studio

of the Reliance iiotii

3 understand that the

s about on its "last legs" , w. The it. Y. office of the itelii

Picture Corp. is Hms 1701-2 Masonic Temple, on the door of which appears, "Keliance Motion ricture Oorp.", "mystic motion xicture Corp". and in small letters, in the corner. "W. *. belisberg", who is Treas . of the Wangle Film oorp. Aitken also makes his headquarters in these offices, and is not to be found at the regular offices of the Triangle Film oorp, hm 141b, 71 Vi. SSrd bt.

When .oiling Office of the kW MM <>«"• «'"« »»»

wh. ..... you to., yen. MWO yon .to ... toyone. and If

i, la learned that then. 1. real l.f.mitlon -anted ab.ot the ...potation.

It, assets, eto.. there 1. nothing doing- «« •••»«»• "** b*“

.hie to get any detail, oonoetnlng the real .tarn, of thi. oo.p.ny,

among the stars engaged hy the Ml- °«P- “• f0ll'”1“8'

golf copper . Kaymona alteheoox. Mill, rathe. Mats, .teaser, maty roland. J«li. lean, Manx ae.nto, oa.tin Parnu.. addle My. v.et.r a fields, and many others not quite so prominent.

Triangle MM oorp. ha. r.n.ad a number of the.tt.s in the largo oltiee; in 11. 1. city, tha bnioxerbooxer Theatre. At th... theatres their films or. prodno.l prices of seats rtoglng from am to 92.00. and it is Bold that the slexerbeoxer dees not pay. In addition to th. leasing of theatre., there 1. load talx of hnylne sites, bnilding pietnr.it play hen.es. and alao releasing the fiMa of the Triangle MM oorp. at exerbitant prises.

•Vie also understand that the pictures which it has produced have cost far too muoh money, in the opinion of those who claim to know. We also under¬ stand that when a Triangle picture is being shown at the njiiokeroooker Theatre, the same picture is shown that Same day, in other If. i . houses for IOjS to 2bfS. It is evident that there is something rotten in this camp, and just when the Triangle Film Gorp. will come to an end, we cannot predict, although it does not seem far off.

The so-called specialist on the Curb for the Triangle stock.

in this case, were you to sell the company anything which re quires an outlay of money, we feel that you should get a substantial cash payment aawn with order, and some additional guarantee aside from the company ‘s obligation, for the balance. We understand that *dam Vessel, the seoy, might be a fairly good guarantee, but not Aitken.

We understand that Thos . H. Ince, Mack sennett and b. W. iirii are interested in Triangle Film Gorp. only in the sense of producers, of whom are drawing a "fat1' salary. These three men are the ones who duced "The Birth of a Ration" picture, and by reason of that and the 1 tation they go, Aitken gathered them in, for the purpose of enabling 1 to unload stock on the uninquiring public.



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Mr. Edison:

January 24, 1916.

At the Annual Meeting of the General Film Co. held at Portland on Jan. 18th, the proposed amendments (making the number of directors 10 instead of 9) were unanimously adopted, and the following were elected directors:

For Kalem Company- " Kleine- " hub in- Co.

" MelieB Co.

" Selig Co.

" Essanay Co.

" Vitagraph Co.

" Biograph Co.

" T.A.E.Inc.

As the 10th director.

Prank J. Marion George Kleine

Ferdinand V. Singhi (lubin's son-in-law)

Paul G. Melies

:7m. U. Selig

George K. Spoor

Albert E. Smith

Percival L. WaterB

Carl H. Wilson

J. A. BerBt.

At the meeting of these above new directors held at the General Film Company's office, Hew York, following the Annual Meeting at Portland, the following were elected officers for the ensuing year:





George Kleine George K. Spoor Paul G. Melies Frank J. Marion.

Executive Committee

Albert E. Smith Frank J. Marion

The President, Mr. Kleine, is a member ex-officio.

After the election of officers, the question of salaries was taken up and decided upon as follows:

At the reciuest of the President, the question of his salary was left open until ’the next meeting, as he stated he did not want an exorbitant amount but wanted a little time to find out how much of his time the office would consume before deciding on what he would require or whether he could consistently aocept the salary that might be decided upon by the directors.

The Vice-President draws no salary, and never has.

The Treasurer ' s salary up to the year 1915 was i?15 , 000 .

For the year 1915 it was reducedto §10,000; and for o^6 year

1916 it was made at the rate of §100 per week, or .*>5200 for the year.

Secretary- no salary.

Executive Committee-' Outside of the President, who cannot draw two salaries, §2,000 each. For the year 1914 it was *5, 000 each; for the year 1915 it was reduced to §3,000; and for the year 1916 it was brought down to §2,000.

' Mr. Edison- 2.

After the question of salaries had been completed, Beret handed in his resignation as a director, and nobody was elected to fill his place, and, I imagine, there will not be for some time at least. The By-laws say 10 directors must be elected, but there is no reason why the matter cannot be laid over from meeting to meeting or why the Board cannot disagree for an indefinite period on who the 10th director shall be.

The question of conducting the business in a more open way; that is, by having reports sent to the above directors from time to time showing the condition of the company as well as what transpires at the different meetings was then discussed and fully agreed to, and by the time the next meeting convenes Mr. Kleine is to have the policy to be conducted outlined so that he can lay it before the Board for approval.

There was no general Manager appointed, as Mr. Kleine wanted a little time to decide who would be the best man to appoint, but from my talk with Mr. Kleine I feel quite safe in saying he will be a practical man, and not a figure-head, as has perhaps been the case heretofore.

All things considered, I think the business will be run on a more businesslike basis under Mr. Elaine's management than it ever has been before, and if there is any opportunity or prospect of pulling the company together and again making it profitable, he is the man who will be able to do it.


CC to Messrs. Charles Edison and Mambert.

January 25, 1916.

Yesterday (January 24th) the decree in the Government case was entered in Philadelphia, hut will not become effective until February 24th, this interval being given so that we can perfect our appeal and thus prevenjr the decree becoming effective as to its injunctive features urffcil the Supreme Court passes on the question.

The decree /as entered strikes down all of the license agreements with the Patents Company and the contract between the G. F, Co. and the individual manufacturers and forbids a continuation of the conspiracy in general terms. Mr. MacDonald, representing the preferred stockholders, made a vigorous attempt to get the Court to give them some consideration, but this was refused. There is nothing in the decree, even if it were now effeotive, to disturb in any way the business relations now existing. The Patents Company is specif¬ ically given the right to grant "normal and legal licenses" under its patents. ( I lefct before the clean copy was prepared, but will send copy tomorrow.

At the present time there are no "licensed" exhibitors, since none is paying his weekly royalties either directly or through the G. F. Most of the licenses to film manufacturers have been cancelled for failure to pay royalties. It is likely that the remaining licenses to film manufacturers will expire in a couple of weeks, because they will probably discontinue paying their royalties.

There is nothing left to the Patents Company except the possibilities under the Latham patent suit, which was decided against the Patents Company in the lower Court and which is now on appeal.

This appeal will probably he heard in the latter part of March or in April. This suit is an attempt to enforce the exhibitors' payment of royalties, and an exchange and a manufacturer are also defendants, on the theory that they are contributory infringers in supplying film to an exhibitor not licensed. The defense to this suit is (1) that the license restriction placed on the machine is illegal, and (2) that the patent is invalid. The real fight is on the first defense. If we succeed in this suit we will then be in a position to levy the royalty of 50i a week on each exhibitor, and possibly will also be in a position to dictate who shall and who shall not supply film for use on those machines. If this latter comes true, then the Patents Company will have considerable power in choosing the licensed exchanges and manufacturers.

The Patents Company v/ill probably continue to receive an income of §5 for each machine manufactured, although there are signs to indicate that the machine manufacturers are inclined to repudiate these licenses also. This amounts to about $20,000 a year, and these licenses v/ill oertainly be repudiated if the Court holds the Latham patent invalid.

Personally I see no reason why the Edison Company, if it


wishes, should not malce a business arrangement with any distributor it sees fit. Heretofore it has always been deemed advisable for the Edison and Biograph Companies to do nothing which tended to detract from the supposed power of the Patents Company and the strength of the patents so that the licensed manufacturers and the General Film Co would continue their licenses and the payment of royalties.

Since no royalties are now being paid this reason disappears. If the Patents Company wins its suit on the latham patent and is then in position to enforce the collection of weekly royalties, it of course ' can sue the Paramount Co. or any other distributing organization, and if need be, make the Edison Company a party to such a suit. The worst that could happen would be that the Edison Company might become liable for some of the royalties of the Paramount exhibitors; but the chance of collection of back royalties under such circumstances is negligible, and in any event the Edison Company would get back through the Pa’ tents Co. a part of what it would pay. I do not think there is the slightest chance of any such situation arising*

To sum up, I believe that the possibilities of obtaining future revenues through the Patents Co. would not be jeopardized in any way by the Edison Co. malting a distributing arrangement ith the Par amount ^or any other exchange, and that there is hardly a possibil¬ ity of any liability to the Edison Co. arising therefrom so far as the Patents Co. is concerned.


George F. Scull.

Gentlemen :-

In reply to your letter of Ootober 11th, 1915, in answer to mine to you, dated Ootoher 7th, 1915, I heg to advise that I have filed proper papers with the patent department at Washington, protecting the devioe ( sprooket ) this day sent for your inspection under separate oover. I am sending it, by registered, Speoial Deliv¬ ery. Av hin-c.C'-1'-'-*'

This 18 a rough model of a sprooket idea that I have worked out.

I believe that you oan readily see the advantages it has over the old style sprocket. This sprooket is made in two different styles. One being a oirole split on one side so that it oan be sprung over the shafts. The other is two half sections, as I stated before, which are slipped over two little pins.asxifcsxdx or more if desirable, on the drum. Both ideas are inoluded on the model I send you, one at

either end^ ^ two iaeaa on this same model for attaohing the col¬ lar to hold the sprooket to the drum. Tou will note that at one end the oollar is sorewed on while at the other end the oollar is put on with two little sorews. , ^ ^

This sprooket oan be put on by the operator in four to five min¬ utes without removeing the drum from the maohine shaft. This is an ad¬ vantage in that the moving pioture theatres in the smaller towns are hardly getting by any way, as I know from Beveral years experience.

And, too, the operator neglects to put on new sprookets when he should, oausing the films, in many instanoes, to be out by the sharpness of the old sprooketjj. Neoessarially the next theatre to reoeive the film gets it in a damaged oondition, sooner or later foroing an^therwise

good film off the oiroult. . . _

I send you the idea fully proteoted, as you suggested. If you oan use this I would be glad to have you do so, prefferably, on a royalty basis, as I want to reserve the right to use this sprooket idea on a maohine that I am working on that will make an absolutely fliokerless Jioture, that will move the film on one eighth to one tenth. Starting movement slow and plokingup,, which will make no more strain on the film than the present maohine that moves them on one fourth and one sixth.

Will take out Canadian patents in the near future.

Would be glad to hear from you at your oonvenienoe.

I am sending you photographs of sprooket.

E.W. Blythe.


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Janaary 28, 1916.

By dear Mr .Edison:

Year splendid message to those who were present at the first annual dinner of the Motion Picture Board of Trade of America received the applause it deserved. X am sure that the only regret in the hearts of all of us was that you were not personally present, as I Know you were in spirit.

On behalf of the officers and ' directors of the Motion Picture Board of Trade of America as well as Individually,

I thank: you. y

Executive Secretary.

Mr.Thomas A.Edison Orange N. J.




Be ar f'.ir , \ ^ M

V.'a have the pleasure of referring to1 your letter ^ of January 22nd relative to talcing pictures of Mr. Edison at work for our PATHE HEWS, February 12th. \ Vie trust that you will he able to arrange seme for ub and\appreciate very

t your early advice.

V ^ V*"',


February 3, 1916


Jesse |_- [_asky Feature Play Qd-ing

Dear Mr. Edison: ^ -

t \\,c4r ' J

You are cordially invited; to be a member of a committee consisting of friends of Mr. Daniel Protean in the recognition of whose years ser¬ vice for the betterment of the stage and the motion picture, in which field of late he has been very active, a dinner in his honor is to be given ai the Hotel Astor ball-room on Sunday evening, March 26.

Among the gentlemen who are enthusiastically interested in this testimonial as members of the committee are Messrs. David Belasco. A. L. r-rlang- er, Otto H. Kahn, Alexander Lambert, Joseph Brooks, Brander Matthews. Dudley Field Malone, J. Stuart Blaokton, Marc Klaw, John Drew, James K. Hackett, William Gillette, William A. Johnston, Alf Hnyman, Walter Damrosoh, Augustus Thomas. Ogden Reid, Charles B. Tilling ham, Adolph 3ukor, William Harris, Sr., George M. Cohan, William Courtleigh,

Sam H. Harris, John W. Rumsey and Samuel Goldfish.

An acknowledgement would he highly appreciated.

,. Edison, Esq..

motion firtnre Campaign

Arinra 3taii


April 8th, 5-916.

Mr. L.W.MoChesney, Thoa . A .Edi aon, Inc . Fordham,N.Y.C.

My dear Mr. McCheaney:-

I am enoloaing to you under a®P^ate cover a latter for uee in the promotion woik of ?he ciplign Which we wish to have signed by Mr. Edison.

Hr. Rutgera of your office, to whom I spoke over the phone this morning,

I send this to you and you

to Mr. Edison. It would probably he be u ter for you to write the reque at for M si gna t,,TO If vou wish, you may redraft tne letter forVr. Edison to algn but the one sent embodies the idea we want to convey.

I believe you will readily appreciate the lalue to the Campaign of this document so aigned.

Of course, speed ie imperative with ua nov.

Hoping that it will be possible to arrange this matter, I am,

Very truly youra,

Publicity Committee. /






Hr. Meadoworoft:

The attached letter from E. L. Harvey, Motion Picture Campaign for the Actors' Fund, I am sending you also a carbon of my reply.

Publicity Committee, is self-explanatory.

Mr. Edison is probably asked to sign this letter because, a X understand it, he is honorary chairman of the general committee.




CojvJ <o-t-cj'i^ J tJW

s. r t r f - Afr11 ]lth- 1916

Motion Picture Campaign for actors Fund,-. ^

SO East 42nd Street, Jp ,_<£/- & c£e<2t/4 Lwv

I!ew York City, VwfcGu-vtt<j tVxA. VUiflp KT /

Dear Sir: <Ut? “tjf CC,LVUtA>&t lT°^i/

Mr. L. V.:. McChesneyj Manager of our Motion Picture Division has sent mo your letter of the eighth , ins tint, together with the letter which you would 17 like to have Mr. Edison sign.

Mr. Edison is in Florida, and X will send letters down to him, asking him if it is agreeable him to sign such a letter as you have forwarded.

X fear, however, that you will be disappoint¬ ed as Mr. Edison wishes to refrain as much as possible from connecting himself- with affairs of a public nature especially when it concerns the signing of letters or statements which have a wide circulation. These things bring upon him on avalanche of mail, which adds to his already overheavy burdens.

I will communicate with you, further when I hear from him.

*ours very truly.

Assistant to Mr. Edison.

A?,/?, /-*/*-»> J? (^<a Acr<~

lUnlteb States department of agriculture,

Bureau ot UMant UnOustrs.

^ Q/CW vfl ant mo 1 or\<jert wv-U-i.c.a£o. jmas A. Edison, . | / e ^ . .... i

p*-«r 5'/ T fj

East Orange, .. J. J^AiTlU

^40 <*■ Cd-ai- G-w-f f LUI- ^

For some months laet past, the writer has been engaged in a reful study of the problem of a color r ' *'<™

very full picture work.

it. I cannot afford to spend the money necessary to develop ay ideas a process on a commercial scale. I am not seeking financial baoking, tion of a different kind. In other words, I wish to become associated concern that would be interested in this matter and would continue the experiments at its plant under my direction. In order to carry on ™®®® ®*" periments it will be necessary to have the help of a very fully equipped laboratory al department.

would be willing to enter into an agreement by which anything that woulc would become the property of the company, I to receive a royalty or

nsation as might be mutually agreed upon. I think six months would

Mr. T.A.E., 5/3— #8

lie sufficient time in which to do the experimental work and build the apparatus for taking and showing the pictures.

I am taking this up with you in the belief that you will be interested and will probably see your way clear to accept my proposition.

Yours very respectfully,

1400 K St. N. TV.


A 17. 1916 , . V f


Ur. Thomas A. Edisoh, A - C .Of

East Orange, U. J- ( 2,0

Dear Sir:

X have an idea for an imprqJuFment in making *q t of v,«v4 motion pictures and want to get if off my mind, asked a local photographer if it were practical and vv^ he replied that only an Edison could tell tnat,

i taking the liberty of writing you.


The idea is to apply the principle of the ^ t 4. ,.ef stereoscope to the screen pictures. Instead of uaingW j

one camera, two cameras would be operated simultan¬ eously at a proper distance apart for the scene that is being taken. These would be thrown on the screen simultaneously in perfect time and register to show one picture exactly as at present, mechanical means for running these reels through so that they would exactly synchronise would have to be devised and the idea might not work on buildings and lines in receding perspective, but for certain scenes it would seem to me possible to take pictures in such manner as to pro¬ duce the appearance of rotundity and overcome the flatness noticeable in certain pictures#

I confess to an entire ignorance of the prin¬ ciples involved but know that you would be able to say instantly whether there is anything in the or n t .

If there is, I would be glad to see the idea worked out ana would like to correspond with you about it.

Yours very truly,

Advertising Mgr.

had, I would thank you heartily for a Hat to be sent to Mr. Robertson.



^ Mr Ttows A Edi^vi*.^' ’■ ^ ■/

y-^tU-^'rVnge , N.J.

^NDear Mr Edison f

Ufa j #hil3 I was in collegV I »&»

<Q asledi indirectly if I would work Cor you ^ 1 on^tsovies of scientific experiments.

~ - -Since, for four or five year?, I nave

been teaching astronomy at Harvard and at the same time been an assistant to Dr Bercival Lowell. I realise now nsor- than then how necessary such movies are to tb“ advance of the education of today. Has anything been done with astronomy and if so is it possible to get then, to use? 1 have been asked to speak next year before the Chicago Woman’s Club on Astronomy and would like to show movies.

If nothing has been lone is there anything which I could do? I would be glad to give all the time I have, including my summer vacation, if X could be of help with the astronomical part.



30th May 1916

CLvU* ctjh) YlAedxot* |»1^ C^-Vui-CO. tcL(<WCj. ifa



t copies of correspondence

Thomas A. Edison, Esq.,

The laboratory,

Orange, K.J.

My dear Mr. Edison: -

As I c

notwithstanding your deolaraijj and as you are the "kind of i may I draw your attention to the 4 I have had with Carroll Beckwith, the painter, relating to a sub¬ ject which is entirely within your field?"

At the time I saw your ph^ffgraphic expert last winter, he told me that he regarded as quite feasible the idea of producing a camera which would permit of several instan¬ taneous exposures a second in order that pictures might be selected of persons in motion, which are more graoeful than those now ob¬ tained by the snap-shot men. Other matters were then pressing and the process of experiments necessary for the production of such

a camera could not be elaborated.

Ae the newspapers of this country are pub¬ lishing more" and more Rotogravure Supplements showing snap-shot photographs, this becomes a very practical question. If you can prodube a camera of the type that will yield more graceful photo¬ graphs' of moving persons and animals at a slightly added cost, the pictures to be of a better quality than those on the ordinary moving picture film, and larger, you can probably have a monopoly

of the world 4

picture business in the TJnited States and in the

What do you think of the proposition?

Cordially and sincerely yours,


Carroll Beckwith, Esq. ,

#67 West 45th Street,

New York City

My'odear Mr. Beckwith: -

Although we cannot use over again the printed articles which you sent to Mr. Spurgeon , ^-"remarks about the com¬ paratively correct representation of form ' whioh ia obligatory upon all pictorial art, suggest a question about photographic work which is to me of absorbing interest.

Snapshot photographs usually depict living and moving individuals in grotesque postures, failing in presenta¬ tion both of line and proportion that will meet with ttw approval and give pleasure to the cultivated eye and mind of the beholder.

The photograph of a